Infections can occur in the bones, joints, and muscles of children. Generally known as “deep” infections, the medical names for these infections are:
The parents must consider visiting a pediatric orthopedic doctor in Gurgaon if their child is having any bone or joint infection. The most prevalent forms of bone and joint infections found in children are discussed in this article.
Infections are commonly caused by bacteria that can be found in a child’s routine. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common bacteria that causes bone, joint, and muscle infections in children.
Bacteria can enter the child’s body through several routes.The bacteria travels in the bloodstream to enter a joint, bone or muscle and spread further in the tissues of the bones, joints, and muscles.
Infections are extremely risky for young children for many reasons which are mentioned below:
Many children with bone and joint infections have recently had an injury. Infection symptoms are sometimes masked by the symptoms of such injury. Since parents want their child’s condition to heal by itself,there is delay in recognizing the infection.
If a child’s symptoms do not improve at home, the parents must take him or her to a specialist immediately.
The parents must inform the child’s doctor about the conditions surrounding the symptoms, such as when they first appeared and whether there was a previous infection.
The doctor will inspect the infected region after reviewing the child’s symptoms and medical records. The doctor might also ask the child to move the affected area to see if moving makes the pain worse.
Other examinations that can aid the doctor in confirming a diagnosis and planning treatment for the child include:
Antibiotic prescriptions are the cornerstone of infection control.
The length of time spent on antibiotics to resolve an infection differs from child to child. However, a general bone infection takes 4 to 6 weeks to resolve, and joint or muscle infections take 3 to 4 weeks.
The child must take all the antibiotics prescribed to him or her exactly as directed by the doctor.
Antibiotics alone can be sufficient to treat minor infections. However, some children will need surgery to clear infectious substances (pus) from the infection site. This would lower blood pressure and inflammation and increase blood flow, making it possible for antibiotics to enter the infected region.
One surgical procedure is usually sufficient for most children. However, more severe infections can necessitate two or more procedures to help resolve the condition.
After adequate treatment, most children will recover entirely from bone and joint infections. It is unlikely that they would develop the same infection again. After treatment, if the child has no other issues and he /she can resume their normal activities.
If an infection is detected early, children have a better chance of recovering early. The longer the infection stays undiagnosed, the more damage will occur to the bones, nerves, and other tissues involved.
Children who have had severe and long-term infections can experience some issues. It includes blood clots, growth hampering, deformed bones, fractures from infection-weakened tissue, bone death (necrosis). However, these conditions are rare.